The Paradox of the Politics of National Liberation Movements in Post-Colonial Southern Africa : Which way to go?
Democratic consolidation in Southern Africa must be viewed in the lenses of National Liberation Movements (NLMs) that became ruling parties in the postliberation struggle. Contrary to the very reason that kindled the NLMs, there are tendencies of a political culture, desirous to capture the state and centralization of power. Yet, one would have expected a renewed focus on democracy, human rights, civil society, the rule of law and a robust media. The study is qualitative in nature, using secondary data to interrogate democratic deficits, providing hopes of genuine liberation hinged upon moral, intellectual regeneration and political realignments. It is revealed that, although it is not possible to completely discredit the governance of Liberation Movements and how they affect democratic consolidation, some principles are seriously threatened to present a paradox to the people who supported the cause of these NLMs. Reality manifests the contradictions of revolutionary optimism transformed into self-satisfied entitlement culture.